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Fact sheet
 
  • 750,000 - 800,000 Palestinian men, women and children have been detained since 1967.
  • Children as young as 12 years can be prosecuted in the military courts.
     
  • 1,004 children were detained in 2013.
     
  • Children are most commonly prosecuted for stone throwing.
     
  • The majority of children are detained at night and report physical and psychological abuse during arrest, transfer and interrogation.
     
  • Over 99% of cases in the military courts end in conviction.
     
  • Around 50% of Palestinian child detainees are held in prisons in Israel in breach of Article 76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention.
  1. Under Israeli military law army commanders have full executive, legislative  and judicial authority over 2.7 million Palestinians living in the West Bank. Palestinians have no say in how this authority is exercised.
  1. Dual Israeli legal systems operate in the West Bank. Palestinians are prosecuted in military courts, whereas Israelis settlers are prosecuted in civilian courts, with far greater rights and protections.
  1. Military courts used to prosecute civilians are permitted under international law but only on a temporary basis. Israeli military courts used to prosecute Palestinians from the West Bank have now been operating since 1967.
  1. An Israeli child has the right to have a parent present when questioned by the police in some cases, whereas a Palestinian child questioned under Israeli military law has no such right.
  1. Since 1967, over 1,700 military orders have been issued but few have been promptly translated into Arabic, as is required under the Fourth Geneva Convention. In theory, these laws have no legal effect until translated.
  1. An Israeli child cannot be given a custodial sentence until reaching the age of 14 under civilian law, whereas a Palestinian child can be sent to prison at  the age of 12 under military law.